There is no tradition of the nude in Chinese art. Confucian values did not include the human body. In the west, traditions pull in two directions: the idealised nudes of ancient Greece were the embodiment of civic pride, while in the Judeo-Christian tradition the naked body was associated with the sinfulness of sexual immorality. In contrast, the principal focus of Confucian ethics concerns the proper forms of human conduct and relationship. There is little emphasis on physicality or how one looks, but much on how one behaves. Upon humaneness, restraint, loyalty, and filial piety in the pursuit of social harmony. Compared to these high ideals, imagery of the naked body was simply considered vulgar.